submitted by Jerry Thain; photo by Mike Engelberger
Marah Curtis, assistant professor at the UW School of Social Work, addressed the Club on May 15th on the current state of knowledge on addressing homelessness nationally and statewide. She began by emphasizing that housing exists on a continuum from those who have consistent, stable housing to those who are homeless. Most of the homeless experienced poor housing conditions before becoming homeless. Professor Curtis noted that concern about homelessness involves the related issues of labor market success, health and education – not just shelter alone.
In Madison, low income rentals are very hard to obtain for those with poor credit, records of incarceration or inconsistent earnings. There are four approaches to addressing homelessness: Usual Case: Subsidy; Community Based Rapid Relocation and project Based Transitional Housing. A major HUD study indicated that subsidy provides not only housing but lower rates of psychological duress, domestic abuse and number of schools attended by children.
“Housing First” is the most wide-spread program in the world to deal with homelessness and is used in Madison. Studies of the program show that in 11 of 12 widely varied areas using the program, it produced greater housing than other approaches but results differ as to whether the program had a beneficial impact on amount of drug and alcohol abuse and other problems. There was no indication that these problems were any worse than with other efforts to address homelessness. Professor Curtis concluded her remarks by answering a number of questions from members focusing on the situation in Madison.
Her talk left members with much food for thought as well as specific information on one of the major issues of our time.
If you missed our meeting this week, you can watch the video here.